“Depression,” this is a prevalent word, and we see it all around us today. It means a state of mind producing serious, long-term lowering of enjoyment of life or inability to visualize a happy future, and it can also mean a period of unhappiness or low morale which lasts longer than several weeks and may include ideation of self-inflicted injury or suicide. Depression is bad and can become dangerous when it gets serious and way out of hand. Everyone could fall victim to it both young and old alike. Here are some statements made by some who have suffered depression “when I have a bout of depression, I have no motivation to do anything, not even the things I usually love to do. All I want to do is sleep, I often feel that I’m unlovable, worthless and a burden to others” another said ” I thought about suicide. I didn’t really want to die. I just wanted to stop feeling this way, I’m normally a caring person, but when I’m depressed, I care little about anyone or anything.” We can see the dangers of depression and how it can destroy lives, one scholar said that depression is like being stuck in a deep, dark hole with no way out you feel like you are losing your mind, losing who you are.
The symptoms of depression can appear during adolescence and may include changes in sleep patterns, appetite, and weight. Feelings of despair, hopelessness sadness and worthlessness may also arise. Other signs include social withdrawal, trouble concentrating or remembering, suicidal thoughts or actions, and medically unexplained symptoms. Let’s take a look at the possible causes of Depression.
According to WHO “depression results from a complex interaction of social, psychological and biological factors.” These may include the following:
Physical Factors:- Depression often runs in families, suggesting that genetics can play a role perhaps affecting chemical activity in the brain. Other physical risk factors include cardiovascular disease and changing hormone levels as well as ongoing substance abuse which may intensify depression, if not give rise to it.
Stress:- While a little stress can be healthy, chronic or excessive stress can be physically and psychologically harmful, sometimes to the point of plunging a susceptible or biologically vulnerable person into depression. Stress-related factors linked to depression may include divorce or separation, the death of a loved one, physical or sexual abuse, a severe accident, illness, or disability. Knowing these causes of what can we do as individuals in other to prevent or deal with such cases of depression.
The Way Out Of Depression
Moderate to severe depression is usually managed with medication and counselling by mental health professionals. If you suffer from depression, take reasonable measures to care for your physical and mental health. For instance eat wholesome meals, sufficient sleep and exercise regularly. Exercise release chemicals that can lift your mood, increase your energy, and improve your sleep, if possible, try to recognise triggers and early warning signs of a depressive mood and create a suitable plan of action. Confide in someone you trust. A supportive network of close family members and friends may help you to cope more effectively with your depression, possibly reducing the symptoms.
Tips for overcoming depression
• Make a journal containing your positive thoughts as well as positive experience you have enjoyed
• Have contact information of people to call when you feel down.
• Favourite songs that are positive and up building.
• Mementoes to remind you of people who love you
• Inspirational sayings and encouraging articles.
• Have a stable routine for eating, exercising and sleeping.
Putting these suggestions into practice can help us fight against this malady call depression.